During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most debatable subjects of controversy in the United States. It discusses human interaction where ethics, emotions and law are combined. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical dilemmas that focus many individuals to create an emotional and violent atmosphere.
There are many points of view toward abortion but the only two fine distinctions are "pro-choice" and "pro-life". A pro-choice person would feel that the decision to abort a pregnancy is that of the mothers and the state should have no right to interfere. A pro- life person would hold that from the moment of conception, that the embryo or fetus is alive. This life imposes on us a moral obligation to preserve it and that abortion is the same as murder. In the United States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in abortion. Women with incomes under eleven thousand are over three times more likely to have an abortion, than women with incomes above twenty-five thousand. Unmarried women are four to five times more likely to abort than married. In the past years the abortion rate has doubled among 18 and 19 year olds. Recently the U.S. rate has dropped 6 percent overall but the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15 has jumped up to18 percent and the rate among minorities climbed from 186 per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.
The most popular procedure involved in abortions is the vacuum aspiration, which is done during the first trimester (three months or less since the woman has become pregnant). A tube is simply inserted through the cervix and the contents of the uterus are vacuumed out. The most commonly used type of second trimester abortion is called dilation and evacuation. At this point the fetus has bones, bulk and can is able to move, the second trimester abortions are not as simple.
When as much of the fetus and placenta are vacuumed out then the tweezers are used to remove the larger parts. The beginning of the fifth month abortion is the serious and actually induced as childbirth. That is, the mother is given substances, which puts her into labor and delivers the fetus, as she would do with a full-term baby.
About 40 percent of Americans believe that abortion should remain legal and 40 percent believe it should be banned except when the pregnancy threatens the life of the mother or the result of rape or incest. 15 percent believe it should be illegal in all cases. Although abortion is regarded as a woman's right, it should be banned with exceptions because its considered murder has many psychological side effects. Young teens say that when they see a baby it reminds them of their own that they could have had.
Abortion is a woman's own right and choice. In 1973 the Roe v. Wade decision proved this by recognizing abortion as a fundamental constitutional right and made it legal in all states. The law now permits abortion at the request of the women without any restrictions in the first trimester and some restrictions in the second trimester to protect the women's health. The National Abortion Right Act League argues that without legal abortion women would be denied their constitutional right of privacy and liberty. The women's right to her own body subordinates those of the fetus and the U.S. Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade argued that the women's "right to privacy" overruled the fetus's right to life. If abortion were illegal it would force poor women to bear and raise children they can't afford to bring up. It would force young women to raise children when they are still children themselves and would cause many deformities when incest is in involved.
There would be a number of unsafe abortions in back allies. It would also force women to give up their dreams and stay home to bring up babies. Worst of all, it would condemn victims of incest to carry and nurture the offspring of their rapist. Abortion is necessary for women to have control over their own bodies and life. One activist said, "If I hadn't had that abortion my life would have been a disaster. I wouldn't have made it to medical school. I was married at that point to a very ill man and it would have been terrible to have to have my baby. People who need abortions are in some kind of turmoil and it's really a life-saving thing." Anonymous "I am glad I had my abortion because it gave me another chance to relive my life and my dreams. It also gave me another chance of my life and gave me back part of the pride that a person stole."
To ignore the rights of others is selfish. Women must have the right to control the functions of their own bodies. Sammy Garcia told the council that the ordinance would have done little good. "Young women need the freedom to make choices for their reproductive life when their family can't guarantee them parental support." Women should not be forced to have babies they don't want. They must have the right to decide what happens to them and have a safe and legal way of doing so. Women are in control of their own bodies and their lives. Legislators have no right to interfere with their own choices. The practical assertion that since pregnancy involves a woman's body, the choice of continuing that pregnancy must be hers alone.
Although abortion is considered murder by half of all Americans, Pro-lifers believe that human life begins at the moment of conception. When the merge of the egg and sperm is complete, they are fertilized and known as the "zygote". The zygote contains a full set of 46 chromosomes, which is required to create a human life. Scientists identify that at the moment of fertilization the ovum takes on an entirely different destiny, life. About 15,000 genes from the spermand ovum form a unique combination. This is nothing less than a new human life at its earlier stage of life. In the United States many infants will not make it to puberty, old age or even their second birthday. Just because of their shortened life, it doesn't mean that it never existed.
Dr. Nate Anderson stopped performing abortions after becoming aware of the horrors that he observed. "A woman has the right to go to bed with who she wants, but she can not choose death for her child. It's a direct violation of human rights." Anthony Simpson has a photo of an aborted fetus and believes that abortion is nothing but a ruthless murder. In southern Kentucky, Robert Hollis brutally assaulted his wife in effort to abort the fetus he suspected wasn't his. He successfully did so and Carroll believed Hollis set out intentionally to kill that fetus and that is in fact murder. A friend, Christina a graduate from high school has recently become pregnant and decided against abortion. She feels that it's an innocent child inside of her.
It has a brain and a heart therefore it also has a right to life. "Abortion is the unnatural end of pregnancy. That child has a right to life that is equal to the mother's right. One cannot kill another human being just because they wished it wasn't around. Abortion is murder of the innocent practiced on a national scale. Overall it has been proven that the fetus is a real person and it responds to noise, has feeling and fears. To have an abortion will destroy an innocent life, which is directly connected to murder. It also kills a consequence that some one made and now not willing to take it.
Scientific research has successfully shown that abortion causes many psychological side effects. It leaves the woman with many strong feelings about her decision. She may feel sadness, wishing things could have been different and grief for a lost life. Guilt arises because she knows a fetus represents an independent life. Anonymous "I feel that god will punish me when I want a baby he won't give me one, because it killed my first one." Anger builds up towards other people having to do with their decision. Sometimes the mother may feel that she has in fact been abandoned. Most of the mothers feel ashamed and embarrassed about their actions. People close to the mother may be angry with her for ending her pregnancy and make it difficult for her to deal with. Anonymous' mother " At first I said that I disowned her but because I was embarrassed of her but then I realized that she needs my help." Even years after the abortion, women tend to remember the regretful experience. The usually wonders of what the baby would have looked like acted like and when its birthday is.
Thirty-three years old, Angela has had five abortions so far. She realizes now that they all left emotional scars her that are unbearable. "It wasn't just a mass of cell it was children I was killing." It may have been a month or a year but feelings do catch up with the mother. Symptoms such as nightmares, panic attacks and flashbacks are signs of a recently discovered Post Abortion Syndrome, also know as PAS. According to a study published by Association for Interdisciplinary Research in Valves and Social Change, one in five women studied had diagnosable stress disorders. Also two in five had sleep disorders and flashbacks following abortion. Abortion is the right of the mothers and should be up to them if they choose to or not. No one should help or force the mother to do what they want. No matter what politicians, the bible and families say, women need to take control.