Abortion on demand should be legal for many reasons.
In countries where abortion is absolutely not tolerated it is a fact that women continue to receive abortions, from unqualified back-street abortionists or the village massage abortionist. Both of these individuals risk putting the woman through painful and potentially fatal tortures just in an attempt to abort a child. Each year 84 000 women die worldwide from failed abortion attempts. Because of anti-abortion legislation women avoid going to the hospital, often until it is too late, to avoid prosecution from police.
In the cases of rape and incest the very idea of being forced to have the child of the woman's abuser is repulsive. There are also cases when a woman's health is put in jeopardy by having a child at all, forcing such a woman to bring a child to term, would be no less than attempted murder. If a woman is forced to give birth to a child she does not want, if left in that woman's custody, the child could potentially face hatred and resentment from the mother for the rest of it's life. In countries all over the world, children are found dead and abandoned in places as degrading as garbage dumps.
The only effective method of preventing unwanted births is abstinence, and this is just not a realistic objective. There is no 100% effective form of birth control, and even men and women using birth control have unwanted pregnancies. Some women for financial, occupational, social, and maturity reasons, see pregnancy as cessation of their lives. There are no accurate statistics on how many women attempt or succeed in committing suicide each year rather than live with their pregnancies.
Women will continue to have abortions with or without government legislation, but with legislation, the conditions under which they have their abortions can be sanctioned and observed.
The role of family in abortion is that preservation of family has a profound impact on some women's decision whether or not to have an abortion. Some women have learned to protect and preserve each and every member of her family, including an unborn child. For these women abortion is not even a consideration, but many do live their lives harboring resent towards their husbands and the child for forcing her to have a child she did not necessarily want.
Other women see abortion as a necessity to protect the family they already have. For financial reasons especially some women believe that abortion at this time in life is not an option, and to protect the stability of their families have abortions. The role that school has on the issue of abortion is that presently schools teach students how to best protect themselves against pregnancy. Many schools provide condoms to students, and attempt to instill a sense of responsibility in both female and male students. The role that the church plays on the issue of abortion is especially important to society. For hundreds of years, whatever the church's position on abortion, the entire world adopted. For centuries the church has accepted abortion for a few hundred years and then condemned abortion for a few hundred years, but in either case society has embraced the church's thinking. For many both religious and non-religious women, the church's opinion of abortion is highly revered and obeyed.
The Catholic Church denounces both birth control and abortion so women are getting pregnant and are being forced to raise enormous families, straining the family, especially financially. The government's role in the issue of abortion, is the legislator of all laws pertaining to abortion. The Canadian government, which is more lenient towards the issue of abortion than other countries, provides abortion to women, on the grounds of either mental or physical damage that would be caused by the birth of a child. The government also bans most abortions after the first trimester because after this date, there is significantly more risk to the health of the woman. The medical profession provides legal abortions to women, and it is medical professionals who make up the panel of doctors who decide if a woman may have an abortion.
These members examine what level of trauma the woman would suffer by having a child, and decide whether or not to grant an abortion to a woman.