Henrik Ibsen was born in Norway in 1828 and is recognised as one of the foremost prose dramatists of his time and of later eras. His writing is known for its engagement with society, politics and, increasingly in his later plays, with psychology, and because of its then unprecedented interest in the lives of the ordinary man and woman. Earlier admirers of his work include George Bernard Shaw, James Joyce and Sigmund Freud.
Brand (1866) and Peer Gynt (1867) count as two of his earliest significant works and Ghosts (1881), An Enemy of the People (1882), A Doll’s House (1889) and Hedda Gabler (1890) went further to establish his reputation as an influential dramatist both nationally and internationally. His last play was When We Dead Awaken (1899) and he suffered ongoing ill health following a stroke in 1900. He died in Christiania (re-named Oslo), Norway in 1906.